Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Osteoarthritis vs. Rheumatoid Arthritis?


Make text smaller Make text larger



Photos



  • Melissa Prestipino, DPT



Physical Therapy Expert Melissa Prestipino, DPT: Osteoarthritis vs. Rheumatoid Arthritis?


Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are often confused but are not the same condition. Osteoarthritis is the result of wear and tear on your joints, which causes weakening and deterioration of your cartilage [Mayo Clinic]. Rheumatoid arthritis, is an auto-immune disorder, whereby your body attacks and destroys joint cartilage [NIAMS]. Both conditions, however, share common symptoms, including joint paint, stiffness and swelling.

Osteoarthritis is most common in old age. Rheumatoid arthritis, unlike like osteoarthritis, is not an older-age condition. The typical age of onset for rheumatoid arthritis is mid-life, although children and adolescents can also develop the condition. Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto-immune disorder which is generally caused by genetic factors.

Osteoarthritis is also caused by a genetic predisposition, but other factors influence the breakdown of the joints, such as obesity, over-use of the joint and injury [Mayo Clinc]. Both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are more common in women than in men.

Osteoarthritis typically affects the hands, knees, hips, neck and lower back. Osteoarthritis is usually asymmetrical such as in the right knee. However, a person can have osteoarthritis develop on both sides of the body, such as the right and left knee, even requiring a knee joint replacement. It is even possible for the same person to have osteoarthritis develop on opposite sides of the body and in different joints (example: osteoarthritis in the right knee and the left hip).

Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, tends to affect primarily the wrist and finger joints. Unlike osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis is symmetrical in its development. Rheumatoid arthritis also causes other symptoms that are unrelated to joint deterioration, such as fatigue, fever and a vague feeling of sickness. The symptoms of osteoarthritis get progressively worse as you age [Mayo Clinic]. The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, however, can flare up and dissipate. Some people with rheumatoid arthritis experience flare-ups that last a few months or a year [NIAMS].

Melissa Prestipino, DPT
Sparta Fit For Life - Therapeutics Unlimited Rehab
Sparta, NJ
973-729-1222
www.turehab.com




Make text smaller Make text larger

Comments

Pool Rules



MUST READ NEWS

Excessive Heat Warning
An "Excessive Heat Warning" will remain in effect until 10 p.m. today. The National Weather Service advises that heat values (real feel) will remain up to 105 or 110,...
Read more »
Image

The lazy, hazy days of summer are calling
The Sparta Historical Society recommends turning summer laziness into volunteering an hour or so at the Van Kirk Homestead Museum. The Sparta Historical Society is growing at...
Read more »
Image

Maggie Davis-Jelly exhibit at George Segale
The artwork of Sparta resident Maggie Davis-Jelly will be the featured Aug. 2 through Aug. 31 at the George Segale Studio, White Deer Plaza, Sparta.
There will be a reception...

Read more »
Image

Beating the heat
This summer has brought two heat waves under out belt and there are more assuredly on the horizon. With intense heat comes danger and for kids preparing for fall sports, dedicated...
Read more »

VIDEOS



Subscribe to our mailing list

* indicates required
Community Newspapers



MOST READ

Local News
Excessive Heat Warning
  • Jul 21, 2019
Entertainment
Maggie Davis-Jelly exhibit at George Segale
  • Jul 19, 2019
Local News
Beating the heat
  • Jul 19, 2019
Where in clues
Dog of the Week: Rink Beck
  • Jul 18, 2019

MOST COMMENTED



Find more about Weather in Sparta, NJ